Nirvana Sutra

Appreciation of the "Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra"

Contact Dr. Tony Page

Thank you for being interested (if you are!) in the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra. If you would like to contact me - Tony - you can do so at the following e-mail address:

I shall try to answer your questions on the doctrines of the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, should you have any, within a week.

A little about myself:

I am English, a full-time university lecturer and researcher, and an academically published scholar. I was born in 1957 in London, England, where I spent most of my life. I was educated at London University, Freiburg University, and Vienna University, and took my Doctorate of Philosophy (German/Austrian Literature) at the University of Oxford in 1988; as part of my research during my doctoral years I extensively investigated the affinities of world-view between the 19th-century Austrian poet, thinker, novella writer and dramatist, Friedrich Halm, and the philosophy of Buddhism. My mentor on Buddhism was Buddhist scholar, Maurice Walshe (of London University), and later I studied Mahayana Buddhism extensively and deeply for nearly 10 years on a private basis with Buddhist scholar and translator, Stephen Hodge (the first Westerner to become a monk of the Shingon tradition in Japan).

I am a practising (but still sensuous-klesha-afflicted!) Mahayana Buddhist, an independent lecturer on Buddhism (and have lectured on the Mahaparinirvana Sutra at the School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of London, at the request of that university), and for decades have felt a strong inner link with the Mahaparinirvana Sutra itself. In December 2004 I set up this first-ever website devoted to the Nirvana Sutra, to attempt to shine more light on what may be called "Nirvana Sutra Buddhism" or "Tathagatagarbha Buddhism". My aim is to communicate accurately what the Buddha in the Nirvana Sutra and other Tathagatagarbha sutras actually says, rather than propagate the doctrinal distortions into which some later commentators have twisted these teachings. In 2006 I established the first-ever website centred on the texts of key Tathagatagarbha sutras. I have worked in close collaboration on the Nirvana Sutra with the Buddhist scholar and translator, Stephen Hodge, to whom I owe a debt of gratitude for his splendid translation work.  In 2009 my German translation of Stephen Hodge's unpublished English rendering of the Tibetan Mahaparinirvana Sutra was completed on this website (the bulk of its having been up on the website for some years previously). This was the first time that the Tibetan Nirvana Sutra had ever appeared in any Western language. But all praise must go not to me, but to Stephen Hodge, who is the real pioneer in this field. However, Stephen wanted the German version withdrawn, as he felt that his English version (of which the German version was an accurate translation) was not yet good enough for publication. Nevertheless, it is my hope that by propagating the Mahaparinirvana Sutra and other Tathagatagarbha sutras I will bring more spiritual light and uplift into people's lives and that my engagement with the Mahaparinirvana Sutra will extend into many years (and indeed lives!) to come ...

Over the past decade, I have authored the following books:  

Vivisection Unveiled: An Expose of the Medical Futility of Animal Experimentation (Jon Carpenter, Oxford 1997)

Buddhism and Animals: A Buddhist Vision of Humanity's Rightful Relationship with the Animal Kingdom (UKAVIS, London 1999)

Buddha and God (Nirvana Publications, London 2000)

Buddha-Self: The 'Secret' Teachings of the Buddha in the Mahaparinirvana Sutra (Nirvana Publications, London 2003)

The Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra in 12 Volumes (as editor) (Nirvana Publications, London 1999-2000)

I am a commited vegetarian, and an advocate of human rights, fairness, liberty, and justice. I particularly deplore the ruthless oppression of the poor and powerless of this world, and the ever-increasing surveillance and petty-power-wielding control over countless people upon our planet. This large-scale assault on humanity is being carried out by Maric forces dominated by greed, anti-compassion, cruelty, the craving for centralisation of political power, and authoritarian, Orwellian control. This deliberate world-wide spread of inhumanity, nihilism, lies and 1984-style tyranny is called the 'New World Order' or 'globalisation/ globalism' (headed up by the inhumane 'elite' known as the  'Illuminati', who are anything but illuminated or Awakened!), and must vigorously be opposed and replaced by kindliness, spiritual integrity and empathetic humanity. The call for a 'one-world government' is a call for the destruction of our individual and collective liberty and should be rejected. The Dharma always honours the dignity of each individual, as each individual is the bearer of the Buddha Essence (the Buddha Dhatu). I am further a strong supporter of animal rights and human rights. I am equally a firm believer in non-violence and non-killing (thus totally oppose the West's murderous invasion of Iraq, Afghanistan and, if it takes place, Iran). Furthermore, I am gay and oppose all racial, sexual and religious hatred and intolerance.

Important note: We should all be aware that the Covid19 'threat' which began to be trumpeted around the world in 2019 is a gigantic lie (numerous doctors and scholars around the world are now speaking out against this tremendous, fear-inducing fraud - watch, for example, the interview with Professor Sucharit Bhakdi and Dr. Karina Reiss here:

 The manipulated terror over Covid19 (which is actually no more deadly than influenza and far less deadly than TB) is being used to usher in at break-neck speed the long-planned New World Order of total tyranny, surveillance and human control. The forced wearing of masks (a de-humanising and de-personalising act of submission to enslavement), the anti-social distancing rules (keeping human beings away from other humans, when warm close contact with others is a vital part of healthy human interaction) and encouraging everyone to view every person on the planet as their potential killer is a deeply anti-human agenda and must be opposed. Above all, the DNA-altering Covid 'vaccine' that is planned to be essentially mandated upon everyone in 2021 must be refused. Some researchers are furthermore warning of the very harmful health effects of the new 5G technology. In fine: we are entering immensely dangerous times, when the dark forces of Mara (the devilish enemy of all true Awakening and compassion) are making an unprecedented assault upon the entire human race. We must be courageous and stand up to this unparalleled evil and say 'NO!' - for the sake of ourselves and future generations, if we do not wish to live in a dystopian  nightmare beyond even that which George Orwell envisioned in his great warning work, Nineteen Eighty-Four.


This website is from time to time updated. Last update: 30 September 2020 in the 'Contact Us' section. Thank you again for your interest!

Yours warmly in the True Dharma,